Reasons To Choose A Career In Tourism

Major reasons to develop a career in tourism industry are as follows:

1.Wide Range Of Jobs

Tourism industry offers variety of jobs according to skill, education, and experience.It includes Tour operator, trekking guide, transportation, travel agencies, cruising etc. So, one can choose the job which matches his/her qualification. 

2. Easy Access

Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world. Therefore, it is very easy to get jobs in different sectors of this business.

3. Personality Development

Tourism industry provides different training and development programs to enhance the performance of its staffs. It helps them to perform effectively and also helps boost their personality. 

4. Innovative

New ideas and innovations are constantly developed in tourism. It improves employees' creativity and learning capacity.

5. Advancement Opportunity

In tourism, there is always a chance to get promotion in the organization or to get a new job in another company. Mostly, there are several vacant positions in this industry, because it is one of the fastest growing industry.

6. Sustainable

It is believed that tourism is more sustainable than other forms of business due to its wide range of services.

Classification Of Adventure Tourism

Adventure tourism involves physical activities with certain level of risk . Adventure tourists love wilderness activities. According to the nature of activities adventure tourism can be classified as follows:

1. Land Based Adventure Tourism

- Rock climbing: climb up natural large rocks, cliffs ,or artificial walls with the help of different equipment.      

- Hiking: Recreational activity of walking for pleasure in natural environment.                    

- Trekking: Making a long journey to enjoy the scenery of mountain, rural villages, and hills.

- Mountain Biking: Riding bicycles over rough roads, hilly areas and remote villages.

- Jungle Safari: Exploring the jungle by walking, via elephant, horse or a vehicle. 

- Camping: Recreational activity which includes lodging in a tent away from home.

- Bungee Jump: Jumping from higher places such as bridge, building etc. with the help of elastic cord.

2. Water Based Adventure Tourism

- Boating: Travelling by boat on water for recreation and pleasure.

- Rafting: Recreational activity of drifting down a river.

- Canyoning: Traveling by sliding and jumping in canyons. 

- Yachting: Racing or travelling by sailing yacht.

- Diving: jumping into water from high platform.

- Kayaking: Recreational event of traveling by small watercraft called kayak.

3. Air Based Adventure Tourism

- Para gliding: adventure sport of  soaring above the hills by paraglider. 

- Cable car: cable transportation which is used for traveling hilly and mountainous regions.

- Micro lighting: Flying via very small (1 or 2 seated) and light aircraft.

- Hot-air Balloon: large fabric bag filled with heated air used to float and fly.

Distinction Between Domestic Tourism And International Tourism

Following are the main differences between domestic and international tourism:

Domestic Tourism: Local residents touring within the country without crossing the international borders. They travel different places of their own country.
International Tourism:International visitors cross international boundaries of different countries for their visiting purpose. They travel foreign countries for pleasure, relaxation, adventure, business etc.

2. Nationality
Domestic Tourism: Traveled by national citizens.
International Tourism: Traveled by foreign citizens.

3. Legal Documents And Formalities
Domestic Tourism: Domestic visitors do not require legal documents and other formalities.
International Tourism: They need verified legal documents like passport, visa, traveler cheque, tour permit etc. They also need border formalities.

4. Income
Domestic Tourism: It promotes local business but it does not generate additional revenue. It redistribute money within the country,
International Tourism: It generates huge foreign income to the country. It also helps balance of payment.

5. Promotion And Management
Domestic Tourism: It is simple to promote and manage domestic tourism. Marketing and promotional activities can be performed with less expenses.
International Tourism: Marketing activities are costly and hard to promote and manage international tourism.

6. Benefit
Domestic Tourism: It supports national unity and creates harmony. 
International Tourism: It supports to maintain international friendship.

Differences Between Leisure Tourism And Business Tourism

Following are the main differences between leisure and business travelers:

1. Purpose Of Travel
Leisure Tourism: Leisure visitors travel for relaxation, adventure and pleasure.
Business Tourism: Business visitors travel for business activities to promote business.

2. Destination
Leisure Tourism: Leisure visitors prefer different adventurous activities like hiking, trekking, rafting, camping, safari etc. So, they visit activity-based areas. 
Business Tourism: Business travelers visit urban and industrial areas for commercial purpose.

3. Demand
Leisure Tourism: High elasticity of demand with high fluctuation.
Business Tourism: Low elasticity of demand with less fluctuation or stable demand.

4. Income Group
Leisure Tourism: Leisure travelers include people with all level of income.
Business Tourism: Business travelers include rich community.

5. Seasonal
Leisure Tourism: It is a seasonal type of tourism. 
Business Tourism: It is less seasonal than leisure tourism.

Differences Between Manufacturing And Service Business

Following are the main distinctions between manufacturing business and service:

1. Nature Of Goods
Manufacturing: Products are tangible in nature. They can be demonstrated, seen and touched by customers. Physical goods like computer, books, motorbike etc. are the examples of manufacturer's  products.
Service: Services are intangible . Clients cannot see or touch. Banking, training, consultancy etc. are examples of services.

2. Stock
Manufacturing: Manufacturer's products can be stored for future use. They hold inventory according to the demand forecast. 
Service: Service cannot be hold or stocked for future purpose.

3. Ownership
Manufacturing: Ownership is transferred after purchase or sale of goods.
Service: Ownership of service is not transferred permanently to the clients.

4. Production
Manufacturing: Manufacturers first produce products and then supply in the market as per demand.
Service: Service is created or produced when customers required. 

5. Transportation
Manufacturing: Manufacturer's products can be transported from one place to another.
Service: It cannot be transported.

6. Contact
Manufacturing: Direct contact is not necessary between manufacturing company and final customers.
Service: Direct contact is necessary between service providing company and client.

7. Transaction
Manufacturing: Transaction of goods is performed through buying and selling or transferring the ownership of goods.
Service: It is performed through acts and interactions between service provider and client.

8. Location
Manufacturing: Manufacturing firms need proper physical location for production and storing goods.
Service: They don't need a fix location. Service can be created and delivered from any location.

Classification Of Tourist

Tourists are classified into different categories according to their nature as follows:

1. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis Of Age
a. Child Tourist
Tourists below the age of 14 are considered as child tourist. Generally, the travel with their parents or guardians.

b. Student Tourist
Students of schools or colleges travelling with valid identity card are known as student tourist. Generally they travel with their teachers.

c. Youth Tourist
Visitors between the age of 18 to 30 are called youth tourist. They may travel individually or in the group.

d. Adult Tourist
Adult tourists are fully grown up visitors above 28 years of age.

2. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis of Type Of Travel
a. Group Inclusive Tourist
They travel in a group. These types of tourists are also known as package tourist.

b. Individual Tourist
Individual tourists travel independently. They are also known as adventure tourist.

3. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis Of Size
a. Group Tourist
Visitors in a specific group are called group tourist. Group of friends, students, club members are some examples of group tourist.

b. Individual Tourist
One or two visitors who travel independently are classified as individual tourists.

c. Family Tourist
Visitors consists of family members, relatives and neighbors are known as family tourist.

4. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis Of Economy
a. Deluxe Tourist
High class tourists are known as deluxe tourist. They spend more money for luxury and hotels.

b. Standard Tourist
Middle class visitors are standard tourist. They spend less than deluxe tourist but more than budget tourist.

c. Budget Tourist
Budget tourists are more economical than standard tourists. They have limited budget. So, they prefer cheap tour package.

5. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis Of Nature Of Tour
a. Cultural Tourist
Cultural tourists are those type of visitors who prefer culture of different ethnic groups, religion and society. The main objective of these tourists is to know different culture of different places.

b. Adventure Tourist
Visitors who prefers adventure activities such as jungle safari, trekking, rafting, hill climbing etc. are known as adventure tourists. They are attracted by the natural beauty.

6. Classification Of Tourist On The Basis Of Destination
a. Domestic Tourist
Visitors who travel within their own country are known as domestic tourist. It helps to promote domestic tourism of the nation. No legal documents are needed for domestic tourists.

b. International Tourist
Visitors who travel foreign country are international tourists. They need legal documents such passport and visa to travel.

Desirable Traits Of Tourism Staff

Goodwill and image of tourism industry is reflected through the quality of service provided by the employees. Being a hospitality industry and a show business, physical and mental qualities of staffs play very important role in tourism.

Following qualities are necessary to become a capable tourism or hospitality employee:

1. Proper Dress Up

Tourism staff should learn to respect his/her dress code. Clean and proper official uniform should be practiced. Well-groomed employees are appreciated in hospitality industries. 

2. Good Sense Of Humor

Staffs with good sense of humor are appreciated by the tourists or customers. So, humorous staffs are selected in tourism business.

3. Good Communication Skill

Communication skill of a tourism staff is important while dealing with different customers. Good command over the language is a must. 

4. Excellent Memory Power

Absent-Minded People are not suitable in tourism. People with high level of attention and good memory are highly appreciated.

5. Responsible

A tourism staff should have the quality of bearing responsibility and should be able to adopt with the different situation. 

6. Loyalty
This is another very important quality that the tourism staff should possess. He/she must be loyal to the organization and to the customers.

7. Physical And Mental Fitness
One should be physically and mentally fit in order to be a successful hospitality employee. He/she should be able to work long hours with high degree of pressure.

8. Persistent
Confident and persistent is another essential quality of tourism staff. They should handle jobs with kindness even in irritating situation.

9. Optimistic/Positive
It is said that positive mind makes positive result. Therefore, optimistic employee with positive attitude is acceptable in tourism industry.

10. Alertness
Alertness is another key quality of tourism or hospitality employee. Ability to be ready for any circumstances is a important quality of tourism staff.