Features Of Life Insurance Contract

Since the life insurance is not an indemnity contract, the insurer, in his part, is required to pay a definite sum of money agreed on maturity of policy at the death or an amount in installment for a fixed period or during life. As such, contrary to other insurance policies , it has some distinct features. 

The essential features of life insurance are as follows:

1. Insurable interest

The insured or policyholder must have an insurable interest for a valid life insurance contract. Insurable interest arises out of pecuniary relationship which exists between the insurer and policy holder, the former or insurer stands to loose by the death of the policy holder or latter and or continuous to gain by his survival.
In life insurance contract, a person may have insurable interest for his own life as well as lives of his relatives such as wife, son, daughter etc. No person can purchase life insurance policy for a third person unless he has financial interest in his life.

                        Also Read: Steps For Effecting Life Insurance Policy

2. Utmost good faith

The life insurance requires that the principle of utmost good faith should be preserved by both the parties; insurer and insured. Utmost good faith between the parties is necessary in all kinds of contracts. The insured in particular, must disclose all facts accurately and completely with respect to the object of life policy.

3. Warranties

Warranties are the representations in life insurance which are embodied in the policy and expressly or impliedly forming part of the basis of the contract. Warranties are the integral part of the contract. These are the bases of the contract between insured and insurer and if any statement or information or presentation, whether material or non-material, is untrue the contract may be void and the premium paid by insured may be forfeited by the insurance company or insurer.

                  Also Read: Types Of Life Insurance Policy

4. Assignment and nomination

The life insurance policy can be assigned free for a legal consideration or love and affection. The insured may assigned to anybody on any ground. As such, the assignment shall be complete and effectual only on the execution of such endorsement either on the policy itself or by a separate deed.

5. Return of premium

Generally, the amount of premium paid cannot be refunded. however, for the reason of equity, the premium may be refunded. If it is the case of misrepresentation or breach of warranty, the insured, in the absence of any express condition to the contrary, can claim for return of premium paid. But, in case of guilty of fraud in obtaining policy, the insured cannot claim the amount of premium to be returned.


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