Types Of Itineraries

The itineraries may be ready-made or made on request. The ready-made itineraries are made in advance without knowing when and who will buy. It is similar to produce clothes, shoes and display in a shop. It is prepared to suit maximum number of potential travelers. It must be salable and should be focused on the potential market segmentation. While preparing ready-made itinerary, a travel agent should consider its capacity, market, marketing strategy, competitor's policy, future company policy, pricing policy etc. They are used for packaging tours, so these are also known as package tours.
Special or tailor-made itineraries are made on request to suit the individuals. They are made on request or on demand of the particular customer. While preparing these types of itineraries, two way communication is possible so that we can ask and prepare as per the requirement. In this type of itinerary, duration, places of visit, date, hotel plan, type of service required is known. We know who and when will buy the tour.

Packaging of the tours may be prepared on the basis of the following points.

* Single or multiple destination: To include only one destination or to include more than one destination in one itinerary.
* Special interest package: For example adventure package, cultural package, holiday package, etc.
* Tour package: An itinerary prepared for pleasure, relax.
* Travel package: An itinerary specially for travel.
* Outbound package: An itinerary prepared for domestic tourists to visit foreign countries.
* Inbound package: An itinerary prepared for foreigners to visit our country.
* Domestic tours: An itinerary prepared for local people to visit own country.

The above package types show that itineraries can be of different types. It can be prepared for different purposes also. An itinerary prepared for manager includes itinerary of different clients. Manager wants to know over all happenings at a time.Transport itinerary includes only transport element to book transport or to inform driver. Tour guide itinerary includes all details points to visit. Guest itinerary includes detail description of the destination, interesting points, some do's an don'ts. Its objective is to motivate tourists to involve in tour.

Elements Of Itinerary

Itinerary is not an element. Because tourism is not made of single element. It is made of different elements combined together. A hotel, transport, an attraction is not tourism they are the basic elements of tourism. So, every itinerary have following elements.

1. Tour Program
The main and most important element of an itinerary is a tour program. The tour program consists of different activities. The programs are related to the travel or movement, stay and involve in different activities.

2. Timetable
Another major component of itinerary is the timetable of the tour program. Time table is the explanation of when to do what. In an itinerary, the tour program must be supported by a timetable.

3. Duration
Tangible goods are measured in weight, length etc. but intangible services are sold on the basis of duration. So, tourism as service, an itinerary must explain the duration of the service that is the length of each activity, total tour.

4. Destination
Tourism is related to travel and travel is related to destination. The destinations are the places to be visited. An itinerary should mention the starting point and the destination to be visited. 

5. 4 As. 
Every itinerary should have 4 A, they are attraction, accessibility, accommodation, and amenities. Attraction is any thing which attracts travelers to visit. Itinerary should mention what is the main attraction of the program. Then mention how to reach there, that is accessibility. It can be drive, fly, trek, raft etc. Next important feature is to mention where to stay. It can be hotel, camp, lodge etc. Finally every itinerary should mention service elements like what they enjoy, see, visit etc.

Concept And Checking Of Credit Cards

Concept Of Credit Cards
There was a system of asking for credit since long time, but in 1930 there developed a system of plastic card. The system become successful especially after 1950 when banks and financial institutions started to provide loans to the individual customer and guaranteed payment to the business organizations. The notable internationally accepted credit cards are American Express, Visa Card, Master Card etc. Now a days, hospital credit card, restaurant credit card, telephone, bus etc are also available. One can use this card number to deal with bank account, payment of air bills, transfer money etc.

Debit cards are used for payment, to receive cash to the limit one has deposited. Most common method to use debit card is ATM machines. Business houses accept it to the limit of money one has deposited to the bank. Where as credit card is to get loan from the financial institution. The basis of credit card system is " buy now pay later". Business organizations will accept to the limit the bank will guarantee. The bank provides credit card and cash limit on the basis of customer's financial status, employment, reputation etc. The cards are normal, golden or platinum. The color of the card symbolizes the dignity of the customer  Similarly, business organizations wishing to deal business in credit card apply for the membership of card from the bank. The bank authorizes the organization to receive to the limit of payment from the card holders. 

The credit card system is very convenient to carry, easy to handle, no worry of lost and theft. It facilitates to travelers a lot.

Checking Of Credit Cards

* Check the name or company of the credit card. Office/ Agency must have valid membership of the card. Do not accept the card with which company has no dealing agreement.

* Check the holders name on the card. Only owner is allowed to use it.

* Check the validity of the credit card. 

* The credit card should be pure. There should not be any alternation, defaced.

* Check the limit customer can use and it should be within your company limit also.

* The card number should not be in card cancellation book.

Meaning Of Travelers Cheque And Points To Be Considered While Accepting It

Meaning Of Travelers Cheque
Travelers cheque is one of the most popular mode of payment used in this modern world. It is a type of cheque produced by banks to the customers upon receiving the payment of amount mentioned on it.The customers signs once in front of the bank authority and second time signs to make payment in front of the cashier. Upon receiving the cheque the cashier checks the signature and re-checks with passport and passport details.Then the cashier notes down all the passport details on the back of the cheque and accept only after satisfying all the details. The receiver submits to the bank to receive the actual payment of the cheque. As travelers cheque involves foreign currency a proper record should be maintain to met the government obligation.

Points To Be Considered While Accepting Travelers Cheque

* Customer should counter sign in front personally. Check the second signature with the first one. If confused, check with passport signature or with any documents.

* Note down passport details such as name of the guest, passport number, nationality, address etc. on the back of the cheque.

* Find out the currency to be exchanged and determine whether the currency is exchangeable as per government banking regulation.

* Collect exact amount. If exact amount is not possible return the balance in local currency.

* Maintain proper office record.

* Maintain proper receipt record. Write down detail cheque number, passport number in the receipt.

Types Of Passports

Generally, passports issued by competent authority are of following types:

1. Normal Passport
Normal passports are issued to citizens proceeding to another country for personal reasons.

2. Aliens Passport
The aliens passports are issued to alien residents. An alien is a person in a country of which he/she is not a citizen, subject or national. An alien may be a non-immigrant or an immigrant depending upon the purpose for which he/she is entering the country.

3. Children's identity cards
These cards are issued to minors instead of passport.

4. Diplomatic Or Consular Passport
Diplomatic passport is issued to diplomatic, consular and other government officials on missions entitling the bearer to diplomatic or consular status under international law and custom.

5. International Red Cross Passport 
This passport is issued by the United Nations.

6. Joint Passport
In special cases, some countries may issue a joint passport for travelling together, like husband and wife or with children. The holder of such passport must travel together.

7. Official Passport
Official passport is issued to government officials or other persons on government missions.